A More Data-Informed, Action-Prone Culture

by Paul Koch, Viget

According to SoDA’s recent study, “acting on the data” was the most common data challenge — ahead of “getting the data I need,” “accuracy,” “timeliness,” and “interpreting the data that I have.”

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If an organization has necessary, accurate, timely, and understandable data, shouldn’t acting on it be the easiest step? And if an agency can’t act on its own data, can it credibly guide clients to do so?

The “actionability” challenge seemingly occurs at the end of the data collection and analysis process, but the underlying issues often happen earlier.

Three upfront factors, described below, must be in place before people can take action on data.

1. Prioritized goals that clarify assumptions

Stakeholder feedback should focus on asking: will this approach best achieve our target outcomes, compared to other possible approaches? Instead, stakeholders’ differing assumptions about goals and priorities often cause conflicting feedback — each person may be solving for a different outcome.

Establishing upfront consensus on project goals — before they’re discussed in the context of a specific deliverable — will set up your team to receive more productive feedback in the future. Ahead of a project kickoff, we survey stakeholders about all known goals: from the RFP, sales discussions, or otherwise. Stakeholders force-rank the goals ahead of the kickoff. At Viget, we use an online survey tool that provides results visualizations like this:


Each color represents the number of people who ranked a goal first (dark orange), last (gray), and in-between. As the image shows, even for the highest- and lowest-priority items, people almost never unanimously agree.

When presenting these findings, we use a tool such a task management tool to conduct a live prioritization of the objectives. Later, we formalize the input into a document inspired by analytics evangelist Avinash Kaushik’s Digital Marketing and Measurement Model:


Target improvements are based on past experience and assumptions that we agree are reasonable. The stakeholder team then approves this framework.

2. Candid upfront conversations about ends, means, and tradeoffs

We encourage upfront conversations about these topics because almost no decision can improve every goal. For example:·     

  • Is total traffic a goal, or a means to another goal? If you could get twice as many signups, but at the expense of half your traffic, would you do it?
  • Why improve navigability? Is the goal purely altruistic for the user, or do you expect that improved navigability will drive other goals?
  • Why more organic search traffic? If the traffic came from referrals or sharing, would you be equally satisfied? Is new awareness the underlying goal?

3. An “AHA” (ask-hypothesis-action) approach to using the data

There are two types of data:

  • indicators that serve as a health-check of the organization
  • answers that inform a decision

Indicators, while more common, can’t help people take action. A dashboard number that’s up or down won’t tell stakeholders what to do next. Many people look at data and expect insights to emerge, but in reality, the process must be flipped.  

Enter the (kitschy, but hopefully memorable) AHA framework, which uses answers to spur action:

The ask: What question do you need to answer?

The hypothesis: What do you think is the answer?

The action: What will you do if your hypothesis proves true? If false, what will you do differently?

Before setting foot in a data set, one should be able to answer these three questions. They help people analyze in search of an answer, rather than waiting for the answer to reveal itself.

In Summary

With these three factors in place, organizations will be primed to efficiently act on their data. Good luck!

Paul Koch, Viget

Paul Koch, Viget

About the Author: Paul is the Data & Analytics Director at Viget, where he works with clients such as Stanley Black & Decker, the University of Virginia, Lenovo, and the Wildlife Conservation Society. He believes in using data to prove the value of creativity, cut out digital clutter, and resolve disputes.